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Perfume Pagoda Hoi An My Tho
Mai chau Da Nang Can Tho
Son La Nha Trang Chau Doc
Dien Bien Phan Thiet Ha Tien

 

Dien Bien Phu

The complex of the Dien Bien Phu victory relics includes the names of lands, mountains, rivers going with the 56 day and night campaign of our nation, which makes up Dien Bien Phu victory.

The campaign development in summary:

At 5 p.m, March 13, 1954, we opened fire for starting the Dien Bien Phu campaign. The fight took place fiercely right at the beginning and it was divided into three stages.
The first stage (from March 13 to March 17, 1954): We held the  Him Lam, Doc Lap, Ban Keo strongholds. They are strong defence works obstructing the access from Tuan Giao and Lai Chau into Dien Bien Phu.
The second stage (from March 30 to April 30, 1054): We attacked the strongholds in the Eastern of the central quarter at the same time. The fight took place vigoriously. We had to fight for a single piece of land.
The third stage (from May 1 to May 7, 1954): We won the rest positions in the East and wiped out the whole Dien Bien Phu stronghold. At 5 p.m, May 7, 1954, the French General de Castries and his staff officers at this stronghold were captured alive, and it was the time when the flag "Quyet chien quyet thang" (determined to fight and win) was fluttered on the top of the commanding bunker of the enemy.
At the end of the compaign, we killed and captured 16,200 enemies, shot at 62 planes of all kinds and confiscated all weapons of the enemy. The Dien Bien Phu historical victory contributed to the success of the resistance war against the French colonists and the liberty of the Northern of Vietnam.
The Dien Bien Phu victory left a number of precious historical relics.

Typical relics: 

1. Him Lam Hill: Him Lam Hill is one of three camps that was defeated right at the beginning of Dien Bien Phu campaign on March 13, 1954.

2. A1 Hill: A1 is a sign that our army gave to a hill. Nowadays, it becomes an immortal name sticked to the victory. A1 Hill is the most important camp of the French colonists in Dien Bien Phu. Here, our soldiers and the French colonists fought for a single piece of land. After fighting fiercely for 56 days and nights, we seized the camp in the evening of May 6, 1954.

3. Bunker of the French General De Castries: It is the commanding bunker of the French General De Castries and the staff at Dien Bien Phu stronghold.

4. Muong Thanh Airport: Muong Thanh airport played an extremely important role in reinforcing for Dien Bien Phu stronghold, which was controlled by our army at the beginning of the campaign. Now, it is being upgraded to be an international airport in the civil airlines system of Vietnam.

5. C1, D1, E1 Hills: They are strongholds to protect the central region of the enemy where many fierce fights took place. They are kept for serving visitors and tourists now. .

6. Dien Bien Phu Museum: A number of objects from Dien Bien Phu campaign are displayed here in the museum.

7. A1 Cementary: This is the place where heroes laid down in the Dien Bien Phu campaign were buried such as Phan Dinh Giot, To Vinh Dien, Be Van Dan, Tran Can, etc.

8. The Command of Dien Bien Phu Campaign - Muong Phang: It is in a primitive forest in Muong Phang commune, Dien Bien district. It is about 25 km from Dien Bien Phu city towards the East. There are many historical relics here such as the commanding bunker of General Commander-in-chief Vo Nguyen Giap and Hoang Van Thai, the working house of the command, etc

The complex of the Dien Bien Phu relics locates in Dien Bien district and Dien Bien Phu town. Therefore, it is very convenient to travel.

Apart from the historical value, the complex of the Dien Bien Phu victory relics is also a great human tourist resource that is attractive to national tourists and international tourists as well. Nowadays, the Dien Bien Phu victory relics is admired by tourists and visitors who wish to visit it once.

Ban Phu Cultural Relics
and Hoang Cong Chat Temple

Ban Phu citadel is in Noong Het village, Dien Bien district, about 9 km from the West of Dien Bien Phu city.

This is a wonder of the construction work of Hoang dynasty. The citedal is about 80 ha wide, turning its back to Nam Rom river. It is made of soil and surrounded by a kind of bamboo from Thai Binh province. Arround the citedal is a trench, which is 4 5 metres deep and wide. The citedal is wide enough for elephants and horses to walk on. It has four gates: front gate, back gate, right gate and left gate. Each gate has a high watch-tower.

Hoang Cong Chat temple was built in the centre of the Ban Phu citedal (Chieng Le citedal) to worship Hoang descent line and 6 leaders of the insurgent army. It is an important cultural and historical relics in the local to worship the great devotion of Hoang Cong Chat general, a farmer hero, who was born in Thai Binh province, in the resistance war to protect Muong Thanh (Muong Then) from the occupation of Phe enemy.  Besides, the temple is also a worshipping place of the local people on the full-moon day, the new year festival, especially in the traditional festival on the 24 - 25 of the second month of every lunar year.

Pa Khoang Lake

Pa Khoang lake locates in Muong Phang commune, Dien Bien district. Its position is very convenient, near the road 279, about 20 km from Dien Bien Phu city, linking Dien Bien Phu city with Muong Phang historical and cultural forest where remains the relics of the Command of Dien Bien Phu compaign.

The Pa Khoang tourist complex has 2,400 ha of total area, in which 1,320 ha of forest area, 300 ha of farming land, 150 ha of basic construction, and 600 ha of water surface area (the lake contains about 37.2 million m3 of water).This area has many favourable conditions for tourist activities such as diverse plants, various topography, good weather, etc. There are a number of animals and various kinds of orchids in the forest around the lake. There are many species of fish and floating plants in the lake (about 65 kinds of floating plants, 14 species of floating animals and 6 species living at the bottom of the lake).Pa Khoang lake is lying in the centre of ranges of mountains, in a place of beautiful natural sceneries. In spring, mist covers ranges of mountains and small houses which creates a mysterious picture. In summer, the weather is quite nice with blows of cool wind. Visitors can enjoy the natural beauty in the distance or row a boat for sight-seeing. All makes a peaceful and romantic picture that is attractive to visitors and tourists. In the lake region, there are the villages of Thai and Kho mu ethnic groups who still follow traditional customs and habits of ethnic groups in the North West of Vietnam. This is also an intersting human tourist potentia

Pa Thom Cave

Pa Thom cave is in Pa Thom commune, in the West of Dien Bien district, bordering with Laos. The local people call it Tham Nang Lai that means the cave of fairies of flowers. Pa Thom cave is at the middle of a mountain. The entrance is vault, 12 metres high, 17 metres wide. Right at the middle of the entrance is an enormous block of stone that looks like the head of an elephant. The depth of the cave is about 350 metres. It consists of 9 vaultlike roofs and the widest one is about 20 metres. There are three big blocks of stone piling up together at the entrance like an enormous python separating the cave into two parts with two different entrance gates. Outside and inside of the cave, there are a number of stalactites in various lively shapes. They are sparkling and colourful in the light of candle. The roofs of the cave are very high. Each roof looks like a magnificent and splendid palace. Pa Thom is a beauty spot connected to beautiful legends of love that makes the landscape more poetic and an attractive tourist destination in Dien Bien district.

Pha Din Pass)

On a drive from Hanoi to Dien Bien province, visitors have to pass Pha Din pass that is about 32 km long. Pha Din means the earth and the sky in the language of Thai ethnic group.According to a legend of the local, it is the place where the sky meets the earth. Long time ago, there existed a deputation on the border between Lai Chau and Son La provinces. It was solved by a horse-racing. Two horses started from each side of the pass and the border was determined at the point where they met each other. The horse of Lai Chau province ran faster than the one of Son La province so the pass belonging to Lai Chau is longer than that of Son La.At the height of above 1,000m, the pass is full of twists and turns, one side is a upright cliff and the other is a deep gulf. Therefore, visitors will have a chance to enjoy the natural landscape in the North-west area

Tham Pua Cave

Tham Pua cave is in Bung Lao commune, Tuan Giao district. It is an ancient cave, deep and wide, about 1,000 metres high with many narrow paths. Coming here, visitors have chance to see in their own eyes a number of stalactites in various shapes which look like such animals as dragons, phoenix, lions, elephants, and beautiful orchids.The local people have found out many historical remains such as axe, stone pestle, and fossil bones.Tham Pua cave is also the first Commanding Unit of The Dien Bien Phu compaign. It is the place where the decisive meeting for the Dien Bien Phu compaign was held on January 14, 1954. At present, Tham Pua cave is being proposed to be recognized a historical relic, and a tourist destination.

The landscape along Da river

Starting from Lai Chau town along Da river towards the East, passing Sin Ho and Tua Chua districts, or towards the West, visitors can view imposing sceneries, black stone edges, and high mountains, etc. On the river banks, there are villages of the ethnic groups. The houses in the distance look like sketchy lines in the natural picture. The windy river is quite suitable for travelling on boat, viewing the landscape, listening to Thai folk songs and tasting local dishes.When the constrcution of the Son La hydroelectricity station is finished, the lakeside area is an advantage for developing eco-tours. It will also become a special type of tourism in the North-west area.

 

Hua Pe hot mineral Spring

 

Hua Pe hot mineral spring is in Thanh Luong commune, Dien Bien district, about 5 km from Dein Bien Phu centre towards the North West.The normal temperature of the water is about 60C. Next to the spring is Pe Luong lake, a man-made lake, which is windy all year long. It gradually becomes an eco-tourist spot that is more and more atractive to visitors. .Now, Dien Bien province is investing in upgrading the system of road to the mineral spring and in the infrastructure to support the tourist development. Therefore, Hua Pe hot mineral spring will be an eco-tourist spot in Dien Bien province in the near future.

U Va Eco-toursit destination

U Va locates in Noong Luong commune,Dien Bien district, about 10 km from Dien Bien Phu city towards the South-west.U Va has a spring source of hot mineral water which is from 60 to 65oC. Coming to U Va, visitors can view the natural landscape, enjoy interesting services and deepen yourselves in the natural hot spring. In addition, visitors can have chance to widen the knowledge of cultural value of Muong Thanh, an ancient land area of thousand years of history. Together with the upgrading traffic system leading to tourist destinationss and investing in tourist services, U Va is being built a tourist and convalescent centre attractive to domestic and international visitors.

Muong Luan Ancient Tower

Muong Luan ancient tower is an art architectural work which is worth visiting and reseaching in Muong Luan commune, Dien Bien Dong district, about 70km from Dien Bien Phu city.

Although the traveling to Muong Luan ancient tower is still difficult, it will be an attractive tourist destination for a tour to learn about the culture of the ethnic groups in the North-west.

 

           
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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