province contains part of the wilderness area known as
the Nakai - Nam Theun National Biodiversity Conservation
Area the largest conservation area in the country at 3700
sq km. The area is home to over a dozen threatened
species including Asiatic black bear, clouded leopard,
elephant, giant muntjac, guar, Malayan sun bear, and
The saola (spindlehorn)
or Vu Quang Ox - Pseudoryx nghetinhensis
was discovered in neighbouring Vietnam in 1992 and sighted
since then in Laos in the conservation area. Only two
other land mammals have been classified with their own
genus this century. The first live saola was captured in
neighbouring Khammouane province in 1996.
of Bolikhamsai is Paxxan, which can be reached from
Vietntiane by bus in about three hours.